TYPES OF CRIMES

1.0 INTRODUCTION Several attempts have been made by criminologists to construct typologies of crimes and criminals without universal acceptance. One thing that is certain is that there are different types of crimes and criminals in every society. In this unit, we would discuss the legal classification of crimes, the organised and the unorganised crimes, the…

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VICTIMS OF CRIMES

1.0 INTRODUCTION In this unit, we shall examine who are victims of crime and the origin of victiminology. It examines the place of the victim in the criminal justice process. Students should be exposed to the different types of victims of crime. This unit will also explore the general profile and vulnerable groups in the…

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DEFINITION OF TERMS-CRIMINOLOGY

1.0 INTRODUCTION Criminology is best seen as a social science, which is concerned with the aspects of human behaviour. Criminology has many meanings but the most commonly accepted is the specific scientific understanding of crime and criminals. It is a multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary subject. This is because criminology draws from the works of legal scholars,…

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CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY

1.0 INTRODUCTION Critical criminology was developed in America and Britain. Among its proponents were George Vold Bonger Taylor, Young Walton, Quinney Reiman and Trick. They were influenced by the works of Karl Marx and friend rich. Engels, and derived much strength from conflict sociology. It was critical of the criminal justice, and politico-economic structures of…

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THE NEW CRIMINOLOGY

1.0 INTRODUCTION We have known that the norms of any society are known to its members. Therefore, when people seriously violate norms, they are labelled or identified as deviants. This interactionist approach will be the focus of discussion in this unit. The new criminology is the ideas of the neo-Marxists. Among its proponents are Ian…

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ETIOLOGY OF CRIMES

1.0 INTRODUCTION The causes of crime are multiple. There is no isolated, single cause of crime and criminal behaviour. The explanation of crime in this unit will largely depend on multiple causes. Therefore, this unit will discuss the causes and dimensions of crimes as it relates to the criminological ideas in which intellectuals and criminologists…

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THE SOCIOLOGICAL SCHOOL

1.0 INTRODUCTION The sociological school of thought emanates from the term “sociology” as a concept. The Oxford English Dictionary defines sociology as “the study of social organisation and institutions and of collective behaviour and interaction, including the individual’s relationship to the group”. The approach looks on the consideration of group antagonisms and criminality i.e. the…

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THE CLASSICAL CRIMINOLOGY

1.0 INTRODUCTION The Enlightenment thinking was the pillar of the classical approach to crime. It introduced a much more rational and fair system for organising punishments and control of crime. It had much less of a focus on the criminal per se and since had little concern with establishing the causes of crime. The main…

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